Uniforms in War

By: Anthony Nguyen and Kali Butler

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Intro:

On the following page you will learn and gain information about what soldiers carried to war, protection and armor, and the different ranks and insignia. There will be a comparison of these things from WWI and the current Iraq-Iran War.

What the soldiers carried to war:

external image US-Army-Soldier-In-Profile.jpg

Before, when soldiers in World War One went to war, they would carry a bag that contained a blanket roll, and a small shovel. They would be carrying a canteen with water at the belt. The gun they would be carrying is a .30 caliber U.S Army Rifle. Depending on which country they fought for, they would be carrying slightly different things. external image acu-pic04.jpg
Now, the U.S Army carries many ddifferent things compared to the past. For weapons, they carry a M-4 Carbine gun. Desert combat fatigues are baggy, tan, green, and brown to camouflage soldiers in desert area. Night-Vision goggles are also carried to help see at night time. The backpack is water-repellent, can carry weapons, food, tolls, medical supplies, and personal items.

Protection and armor:

A the end of 1914, German forces started using gas shells, first on the eastern front, against Russian forcexternal image IMG_4650-300x199.jpges. Because of this, many U.S soldiers had to start wearing gas masks in order to stop the inhaling of toxic fumes, that sometimes led to death.

Now, they carry body armor vests, quick-release armor vest, hard plates, Kevlar helmets, soft armor, knew pads and elbow guards, gloves, helmets, flame-retardant suits, anti-riot gear, and riot shields.100608_bodyarmor_def.JPG

Different ranks and insignia:

Back then, from 1 April 1918, the date of its official formation, until a little after the close of World War I, the Royal Air Force used the same ranks as the British Army. Texternal image DistinguishingMarksArmy2.jpghe highest RAF rank held during this period was lieutenant-general. The lowest rank back then would have been the midshipman, and highest rank would have been Admiral of the Navy.

Now, the ranks are a little bit different. Lieutenant is what most commisioned officers are upon entry in military. First Lieutenant is a lieutenant with 18 to 24 months of service. They work more with specialized weapons. A captain controls and commands company sized units. A major is an officer that works with staff force commands. A lieutenant-colonel commands up to 1,000 soldiers. An a colonel would command up to 5,000 soldiers in battle.

Conclusion:

Now you know more about uniforms from WWI and now, and how they are the same, and how they differentiate. Guns and armory were used in both cases, but they're not quite the same, cause things have advanced and gotten better since the older days.
Seco

Citations/Info:

1. Steele, Philip. Documenting World War I. New York: Rosen Central, 2010. Print.
2. "WWI Uniforms, Insignia, (Distinguishing Marks), Rank, Etc." RootsWeb: Freepages. Web. 18 Feb. 2011.
3. The War in Iraq: From the Front Lines to the Home Front. New York: Franklin Watts, 2009. Print.
4. "Soldier’s Gas Protection | Imperial Helmets | WW1 Militaria Collection | Identify and Sell a WWI Helmet." WWI Virtual Museum | Imperial Helmets. Web. 23 Feb. 2011.
5. http://freepages.military.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~worldwarone/WWI/Uniforms/images/US-Army-Soldier-In-Profile.jpg (2)
6. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/images/acu-pic04.jpg
7. http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.defensenews.com/pgf/stories48/100608_bodyarmor_def.JPG
8. http://www.imperialhelmets.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/IMG_4650-300x199.jpg
9. "Officer Descriptions on Symbols & Insignias of the United States Army." The Official Homepage of the United States Army. Web. 23 Feb. 2011.
10."Force 21 Equipment - Military Protective Clothing." Army Technology. Web. 22 Feb. 2011.
11. http://www.massobserver.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/german-messenger-dog-with-gas-protection-mask-wwi-500x367.jpg