Warships and Submarines by: Matt Anda and Jade Mari

Warships during WWI: Battle ships were made to carry large naval guns. The first battle ship was built with a 9-inch muzzle-loading gun. In the 1900’s armored battle ships carried artillery that could fire up to 100,000 meters. Cruiser ships could go up to 35 mph and could hold up to 600 men. There were two types of cruisers: armored and protected. Armored cruisers were 10,000 tons with strong side armor. Protected were 2,000 to 14,000 tons and had no side armor. Their main purpose was to guard trade routes, troop-ships, and outposts. Battle cruisers were designed to have the speed of a cruiser and the power of a battleship. Battle cruisers were armed with guns that ranged from 4” to 15” and also with torpedoes.

Warships today: During the Persian war in the 1990’s, the U.S had two battleships. They provided naval gunfire support. The guns are huge on the battleships, they are powered by hydraulics and they’re aimed by computer generated orders. They hold thousands of sailors, women can serve on ships today but they couldn’t during WWI. In fact we have women commanders commanding ships today. USS Missouri, weighing in at 45,700 tons, 890 feet, “Maintaining stability in the Persian Gulf and other troubled regions has long been a mission of the U.S. Navy, and because of its Desert Shield and Desert Storm experience the naval service enhanced its ability to do so” ( U.S. Navy) Battle ships were a major part of war during WWI. Now days we don’t use as many because most of our battles don’t include water travel.
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http://www.promovare-website.info/rn/war/iranian-warships-are-now-in-the-mediterranean/
http://www.jumbleplanet.com/Jumbleplanet/Bismarck/page1.html

Submarines:The prewar submarines had been armed with self-propelled torpedoes for attacking enemy ships. During the war submarines also were fitted with deck guns.( Guns on the deck ) Most war built submarines had one and sometimes two guns of about three- or four inch caliber; however, several later German submarines carried 150-millimetre guns. The Germans constructed several specialized submarines with vertical mine tubes through their hulls; some U-boats carried 48 mines in addition to their torpedoes. All of the major navies had submarines but they were really small and were questionable of military value. All world war 1 submarines were propelled by diesel on the surface and electric motors submerged ( under water), except the British swordfish and K class.

Submarines today: Submarines use to be the size of a row boat but now they are the length of five busses. Submarines are important for the navy. Submarines are used to search for enemies and alert the ships and aircrafts if there are enemies nearby. Submarines in WW1 were just invented but now submarines are fueled by nuclear power. The submarines can stay down in the ocean for months at a time and they’re silent because there are no engines. Woman can serve on submarines but they couldn’t in WW1. One of the jobs is to destroy enemy ships with torpedoes. Today’s submarines armaments are extremely sophisticated and are guided with computers, like guided missiles.

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http://67pics.com/view.php?q=Pictures%20Of%20Submarines%20In%20Ww1&url=http://www.dutchsubmarines.com/boats/images/submarines/boat_o7_ozd_baracks_den_helder_wwi_small.jpg
http://newwars.wordpress.com/2008/11/17/russias-ship-killers-pt-1/


Battles: The Battle of Heligoland Bight, 1914. This was the first naval battle of the war. The British wanted to attack German patrols in the north-west German coast. Germans had lost 1,200 men, as opposed to just 35 British fatalities. The Battle of Raid on Scarborough, Hartlepool and Whitby happened on Dec. 16th 1914. The fist High Seas Fleet Group unleashed a bombardment of the North Sea English seaports. The bombardment resulted in 137 fatalities and 592 wounded people. The Hartlepool responded and fired at German ships, damaging three. The Battle of Jutland in 1916 was the biggest naval battle of WWI. The Germans lost one battle cruiser, one pre-Dreadnought, four light cruisers and five destroyers and the British lost three battle cruisers, four , and eight destroyers. There wasn’t a significant winner in the Jutland war, but the war was the last of the major battleship battles.
armoured cruisers

jutland.jpg
http://techcenter.davidson.k12.nc.us/group9/seawar.htm

Battles involving water travel today: every soldier and every piece of equipment and weaponry needed for the gulf war had to be transported by either a plane or ships. The ships had to leave the United States from the Atlantic or gulf coast and steam through the Suez canal or around Africa to get to the Persian gulf and Kuwait where they disembarked on their way to Iraq. Kuwait was and still is the staging ground for American forces especially the naval base. The invasion of Iraq could not have happened without the sixth and seventh fleets of the U.S. navy. Troop carriers, aircraft carriers, battleships with big guns all were involved in the effort.


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http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_largest_US_battleship

US nuclear submarine in the straits of Hormuz.
http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/content/view/13995
the epoch times copyright 2000 – 2011 February 24th

U.S. Nuclear Submarine in the Straits of Hormuz. The Epoch times 2000 – 2011. Web 24 Feb 2011

 Lewis, Leslie. Personal interview. 24 Feb. 2011 Fargo South Highschool.
nationalcoldwarexhibition.org

teele, Philip. Documenting World War I. New York: Rosen Central, 2010. Print.