Expansion of Government Powers

By, Josette Lepine and Taylor Anderson

World_War_One.jpg


Introduction: Government power is different and needed for a number of reasons. Government is the political direction and control exercised over the actions of the members, citizens, or inhabitants of communities, societies, and states; direction of the affairs of a state. Government is necessary to the existence of civilized society. It is used for the help of many different things in wars, especially the World War I war; it helped with agriculture/planned economics, Manipulation of public Opinion, and women at war. Which are the topics that are going to be helping you understand government power throughout this website page.

  • Issue #1- Agriculture/Planned economics.HU031275.jpg
WWI-Citzens and war soilders were directed by government agencies a lot, which set them straight and made the government a lot more powerful. Governments set up price, wage, and rent controls, rationed food supplies and
materials, regulated imports and exports, and took over transportation systems, and industries. Because of all of the new laws and prices U.S. grain harvests of
1916 and 1917 were poor. US farmers held their crops from the markets knowing that the prices of crops would go up because of the shortages. The lever Fuel and food act of 1917, an Act to provide further for the national Security and defense by encouraging the production, conserving the supply, and controlling the distribution of food products and fuel.", had a difficult passage through the US Congress, largely because it was such a big step toward government control of the economy, which many people including the government weren’t used to. It was eventually passed, and the Food Administration was given the task of increasing US food production and at the same time limiting excessive consumption of food at home.

Iraq and Afghanistan- The Iraq war has contributed to the U.S. economic slowdown and is impeding an economic recovery. It is a three trillion dollar war. The nearly 5-year-old war, once billed as virtually paying for itself through increased Iraqi oil exports, has cost the U.S. Treasury $845 billion directly. To illustrate how the money could be spent elsewhere, Bilmes cited the annual U.S. budget for autism research -- $108 million -- which is spent every four hours in Iraq. A trillion dollars could have hired 15 million additional public school teachers for a year or provided 43 million students with four-year scholarships to public universities, the book says. The WWI war didn't have enough food and the current Iraq and Afghanistan war is all about the money, the wars have both had something setting them back but they were two different topics of worry. The wars are flooding the economy. cost_Iraq_War.jpg











  • Issue #2- Manipulation of public Opinion.

WWI-lancers.jpgGerman immigrant’s, dissident working-class leaders, were next in line as the most likely victims of violence. US industrialists had been nervous about socialists and their appeal to the working class since well before the war workers were exploitation provided the means for rapid industrial development. Working uniting labor unions seemed very menacing to the factory owners and managers, especially when bread-and-butter issues were inflamed by dangerous new doctrines such as socialism with its slogans about the “brotherhood of man”. The tensions of war time, together with the fact that the country badly needed the cooperation of the industrialists, seemed to offer a chance to curb worker unrest. It was not long before any agitation by workers was branded as pacifism if not treason.

Iraq and Afghanistan- In the more recent survey of 118 embedded reporters, about six out of 10 journalists said they experienced little or no government control of their reporting, and about half said there was little or no self-censorship. Seven out of 10 believed the public has been properly informed of events in Iraq. About 80 pecent of the journalists said the embed program has been a success, providing more access and less control than in previous wars. Journalists' views changed little from the invasion stage to the occupation stage of the war. If anything, journalists felt that government control was even less of a problem in late 2005-06 as violence escalated in Iraq, than in early 2004. The wars land and censorship had different but still is in current worry. "It is ironic that the Internet allowed reporters to send stories more easily back home, but it also made it possible for commanders and soldiers to read these stories online immediately, often leading to retributions against them," –Fahmy.
censorship-1.gif


  • Issue #3- Total War and Women at War


WWI-Men not in uniform were considered (by some)
women to be cowards, even traitors, and some 283444_f260.jpg
made their feelings clear. For example, Britain
started a women’s group called the Order of the
White Feather, the members of which handed
out white feathers, signifying cowardice, to any
men of military age not in uniform-even those
home on leave from the western front. In World
War I governments welcomed the aid of women in
charitable work during the first months of World War I.
Women were not allowed in long wars, positions
that held more authority then men or expansive wars.
But women played a role greater than they had in
previous wars because the home front was so vital
and because women predominated on that front.
Women soon noticed and discovered, with the
new women roles, that they were just as capable as
the men were. Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC),
established in January 1917 was later named Queen
Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps (1918–1920). Over 57,000
women served between January 1917 and November
1918. On 31th March 1917 women in the WAAC were
first sent to the battlefields in France, just 14 cooks
and waitresses. Helen Gwynne-Vaughan was the
Senior Officer overseas, and Florence Leach was the
controller of the cooks. The corps was disbanded in
September 1921. After a German air raid in September
1940 most of the service records did not survive. Those
which did have suffered fire, water and mould damage.
The National Archives in Kew, Surrey digitized these to
prevent further damage and they can be searched
and viewed online.

Iraq and Afghanistan- During the past ten years, the roles women play in the military have changed dramatically. More than 200,000 women have served in the current wars in Iraq and Afghanistan but at the moment only 17,000 are enlisted. 240 women have sustained combat-related wounds since the wars have started. According to U.S. military records, 33 female soldiers, three in Afghanistan and 30 in Iraq have been killed since operations started in Afghanistan in 2001 and Iraq in 2003. Female soldiers in these conflicts are facing virtually the same ricks as men because of the nature of these missions and because of overall troop shortages in Iraq. The women of war for all the years women have been allowed to fight have been fought for power, the women have proven to be just as strong as men, if even more.

women-military.jpg

Conclusion- Every war that has been recorded has had issues with something, including; money, weapons, communications, soldiers, land, and rational food, but not every war has had issues with a reason to fight. Every war the governement has to expand their powers in some way, WWI had similarities to Iraq by they both controlled other people and laws but the differences is that they controlled different things. The government controlled the people by setting up price, wage, and rent controls, rationed food supplies and materials, regulated imports and exports, and took over transportation systems, and industries, but in the current war they control more of the money in take and the things that come into the war and what leave. They also control the people who can join, it was very broad in WWI because they needed many people because the death rates were increasing extremely fast, but now in current wars they are rationed by if they had certain classes they took, how much training they had, the age, and the mental capability. The people in the war now are much more into the the reasons people are joining and the things they know. The wars had similarities and differences in many ways, but they all have one reason to fight.






  • Work Cited.
  1. Small, Steve, Ian Westwell, and John Westwood. History of World War I. New York: Marshall Cavendish, 2001. Print.
  2. Spielvogel, Jackson J. World History. United States: McGraw-Hill Compaines, 2003. Print. National Geographic.
  3. Small, Steve, Ian Westwell, and John Westwood. History of World War I. New York: Marshall Cavendish, 2001. Print.
  4. First World War.com - A Multimedia History of World War One. Web. 22 Feb. 2011. http://www.firstworldwar.com/.
  5. "War, Propaganda and the Media — Global Issues." Global Issues : Social, Political, Economic and Environmental Issues That Affect Us All — Global Issues. Web. 23 Feb. 2011. <http://www.globalissues.org/article/157/war-propaganda-and-the-media>.
  6. "Women In War: 'I've Lived Out There With The Guys' : NPR." NPR : National Public Radio : News & Analysis, World, US, Music & Arts : NPR. Web. 23 Feb. 2011. <http://www.npr.org/2011/02/21/133818218/women-in-war-ive-lived-out-there-with-the-guys>.
  7. ENews, Women's. "Women on the Front Lines | World | AlterNet." Home | AlterNet. Web. 24 Feb. 2011. <http://www.alternet.org/world/21557/>.