06 Fronts of the War

Fronts of the War

By: Madi Roehrich and Cole Wurzer

Introduction: The fronts of WWI were similar to the wars today but also different from the wars today. external image worldwarI.jpgThey're similar because they both have plans to fight in the war and they both armies. They're different because today they aren't called fronts, we don't really have fronts. They're just places were fights took place today, and back then it was named the fronts instead of the real name of the place. Fronts and places were the wars were fought are one of the most important things in wars.

Issue #1- Western Front- The Battle of the Frontiers
WWI- This battle comprised five offensives launched under French Commander-in-Chief Joseph Joffre and German Chief of staff Helmuth von Moltke’s initiative during the first month of the war in AugThe_Western_Front.jpgust 1914. The battles at Mulhouse, Lorraine, the Ardennes, Charleroi and Mons were launched more or less at the same time, and marked the collision of both French and German invasions plans: Plan XVII and the Schlieffen Plan- called for the German army to make a vast encircling movement through Belgium into northern France. The trench warfare- kept both sides in virtually the same positions for four years. The western front went to France.

Iraq- Iraq Invades and Occupies Kuwait
The frontier was held on the Kuwait side by only light forces with no heavy weapons or supporting armor. The rumble of Iraqi tanks was followed by an unopposed barrage of high-velocity shells fired at very short range as the invasion forces crossed the frontier. The Kuwaitis responded as best they could wexternal image kuwait_burning_oil.jpg?w=700ith small arms and automatic weapons, but could offer no more than a token resistance before falling back or being overrun. The Iraqi advance plunged into Kuwait in five main columns designed to converge on Kuwait City. The Kuwait Air Force had only 54 fixed and rotary wing combat aircraft. There was only one known Kuwaiti victory in the invasion period, the shooting down of an Iraqi helicopter before the Kuwaiti pilot was forced to break away by the devastating quantities of light antiaircraft fire that the Iraqi ground forces poured into the sky.

Issue #2- Eastern Front- First Battle of the Masurian Lake

WWI- September 1914, the first Battle of the Masurian Lakes was the second victory of the war by the Germans over the Russian army, the first occuring at Tannenberg in late August. Having successfully dealt with the Russian Second Army, commanded by Samsonov, at Tannenberg, Paul von Hindenburg’s Eighth Army comprising 21 divisions,18of infantry, 3 of cavalry- turning their attention to the Russian FThe_Western_Front.jpgirst Army, commanded by Rennenkampf. These two armies had been deploying as two arms of a pincer movement intended to snap up Hindenburg’s forces in East Prussia. With one arm of the pincer broken, Hindenburg determined to neutralize the other in short order. Russia was no longer a threat to German Territory because at the beginning of the war the Russian army moved into eastern Germany but was decisively defeated at the Battle of Tannenberg and the Battle of the Masurian Lakes. Italy betrayed their German and Austrian allies in the Triple Alliance by attacking Austria in May 1915. There were 2.5 million Russians that were killed, captured or wounded.

Afghanistan- Taliban Defeat and Aftermath
During November, the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit landed south of Kandahar. Aside from special operations forces the 2,500 marines were the first U.S. ground troops in Afghanistan. On December 7th, rival Pashtun warlords captured Kandahar. The troops commanded by the different warlords immediately began shooting at each other. The war was falling back into the civil war the Taliban had ended. Meanwhile, the fighting against Taliban continuted. The Taliban province surrendered on December 9th. Everyone was suprised at the speed of theAfghanistan_War.jpg Taliban's fall. The failure of the Pashtuns to support the Taliban was esepcially shocking. When Packistan cut off aid to the Taliban, the Taliban was left without fresh supplies of arms and men. The Taliban had been welcoming when it ended the civil war. But the harshness of the Taliban's rule turned people against it. Opium also appears to have been an important factor.

Issue #3- The Italian Front- The Battle of the Isonzo
They were so-named because they were fought along the Isonzo River on the eastern sector of the Italian Front between June 1915 and November 1917. The Isonzo is located in Slovenia. The only practical area for the Italian military operations during the war, the Austrians had taken due care to fortify the mountains ahead of the Italians long-expected entry into the war on May 23 1915. Italian Chief of StItalian_Front2.jpgaff Luigi Cadorna judged that Italian gains were most feasible at the coastal plain east of the lower end of the Isonzo. However he also believed that the Italian army could strike further north and bypass the mountains either side of the river so as to come at the Austro-Hungarians in the rear.

Afhganistan- Taking Kabul and Battling in the North
The United States and Pakistan did not want the northern troops to enter Kabul. Both feared that if the capital fell to Uzbeks and Tajiks, the Pashtuns would rally to support the Taliban. That would restart the civil war, but Kabul lay open. On November 13th, Northern Alliance troops entered the city. The Taliban's rule had been harsh and bloody in Kabul. Most residents greeted theexternal image afghanistan-war2.jpg Northern Alliance troops as liberators. As Kabul fell, the Taliban abandoned the southern city of Jalalabad. A leader who had been based in the Pakistani city of Peshawar claimed Jalalabad. Most of the Taliban had now been driven from northern Afhganistan. The foreigners had no option but to fight. The Northern Alliance surrounded the holdouts and asked for their surrender. The Afghan Taliban wanted to surrender. The foreign Taliban fired on the Northern Alliance forces, the fight went on.

Works Cited:
"First World War.com - Battles - The Battle of the Frontiers, 1914." First World War.com - A Multimedia History of World War One. Web. 22 Feb. 2011. http://firstworldwar.com/battles/frontiers.htm.

"First World War.com - Battles - The First Battle of the Masurian Lakes, 1914." First World War.com - A Multimedia History of World War One. Web. 22 Feb. 2011. http://firstworldwar.com/battles/masurian1.htm.

Chant, Christopher. The Gulf War. New York: M. Cavendish, 1992. Print.

Fiscus, James W. America's War in Afghanistan. New York: Rosen Pub. Group, 2004. Print.